"As a result of extraordinary scientific progress, reading and dyslexia are no longer a mystery; we now know what to do to ensure that each child becomes a good reader and how to help readers of all ages and at all levels."--Sally Shaywitz, M.D.
Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge (International Dyslexia Association, 2002).
What is Response to Intervention?
Response to Intervention (RTI) is the practice of meeting the academic and behavioral needs of all students through a variety of services containing the following key elements:
- High-quality instruction and scientific research-based tiered interventions aligned with individual student need
- Frequent monitoring of student progress to make results-based academic and/or behavioral decisions
- Application of student response data to important educational decisions (such as those regarding placement, intervention, curriculum, and instructional goals and methodologies)
The instructional approaches used within the general education setting should result in academic and/or behavioral progress for the majority of the students. Struggling students are identified using data-based student progress monitoring and provided intensive instruction. The use of scientifically validated curricula and teaching methods expected in an RTI model leads to data-based school improvement.
International Dyslexia Association (IDA) - Dedicated to helping individuals with dyslexia, their families, and the communities that support them.The Yale Center for Dyslexia & Creativity - Uncovers and illuminates the strengths of those with dyslexia, disseminates the latest innovations from scientific research and practical advice, and transforms the treatment of children and adults with dyslexia.Scottish Rite - Dedicated to preventing reading failure by providing teachers professional development and curriculum in research-based methods of literacy instruction.Learning Ally - Promotes personal achievement when access and reading are barriers to learning by advancing the use of accessible and effective educational solutions.Bookshare - Ensures that all individuals with print disabilities have equal and timely access to print materials.CAST - Works to expand learning opportunities for all individuals, especially those with disabilities, through Universal Design for Learning.